Pool checkers are played in United States of America, mainly in South-Eastern and Eastern states.

Like Russian and Brazilian checkers, kings are flying kings.

Rules are very similar to Russian checkers, but the men stop on the last line when they become kings.

The rules

This game is played on a 8x8 board (64 squares).

Double corner is on the right of each player.

Moves of the men

The men can move on each square forward left and forward right if it is empty. When they arrive on the last line, and stop on it, they become kings.

Move of the kings

The kings can move on all the squares which are on the 2 diagonals that cross where they are, if there is no piece between them and the arrival square.


If you have the choice between several captures, you can choose the one that you want (maximum or not maximum) ; but you can only stop in a square where there is nothing more to capture.

Capture by the men

The men can capture forward and backward, by jumping over 1 opponent piece (man or king), if the piece is near it, and the following square is empty. If they can jump again from the arrival square, they must continue the capture.

Capture by a king

The king can capture a piece if it is on the same diagonal than it, if there are only empty squares between them, and if the following square is empty. It can stop on whatever square on the same line. If a new capture is possible from one of these squares, it must continue the capture.

Who wins, who loses ?

The loser is the one who cannot move any more (no piece or all pieces blocked). The winner is his opponent, of course.

There may be draw if :

-opponents agree for a draw

- the same position is encountered 3 times

- they are 3 kings against 1 king . In this case, the player who has the 3 kings must win within 13 moves (even if the 14th move is a capture).

Some history

It appears that this game comes from old Spanish or French checkers (or both), which was played in the southern states at the XVIIIth century.

At this time, French checkers used a 8x8 board (now it is a 10x10 one), and the rules were very similar to pool (depending on the regions, but often using maximum capture compulsory).

Spanish checkers were similar too, but men could not capture backwards.

The 2 games had a main common characteristic, the flying king, that makes the difference with British draughts (which became American checkers). Spanish and French game, played in areas different but close (Louisiana and Florida), were probably mixed to become pool checkers.



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